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what manuscripts did erasmus use

“Erasmus omitted the passage from the first printed Greek Testament of 1516, but undertook to introduce the words if a Greek manuscript containing them could be produced. At any rate, very few changes were made in the fourth and fifth editions. [and these three agree in one. He used manuscripts: 1, 1 rK, 2 e, 2 ap, 4 ap, 7, 817. The Greek Textus Receptus underlying the KJV was first edited by Desiderius Erasmus and published in 1516. As a Catholic priest, Erasmus was an important figure in classical scholarship who wrote in a pure Latin style. For this task, Erasmus was able to gather the copies that we today call Minuscules 1, 2, 7, 817, 2814, 2815, and 2816. Using the text of Erasmus' third edition, Stephanus produced four more editions of the Greek New Testament in 1546, 1549, 1550, and 1551. Subsequent manuscript discoveries, however, have actually vindicated the KJV translators in this place, and every modern version agrees with the KJV here. Erasmus had three manuscripts of the Gospels and Acts, four manuscripts of the Pauline epistles, but only one manuscript with the Book of Revelation. These variations include spelling, accents and breathing marks, word order and other minor differences. He protested saying that “they had stolen the labours of his life.” The manuscripts were returned in a few days (Froude, The Life and Letters, p. 169). Did he follow one of these manuscripts or did he give this order independently of them? It was even a “manifesto,” in the words of Lucien Febvre, that sent shockwaves through a Christian Europe deeply attached to Latin and the Vulgate. Yet we continually read the following type of statement from those who defend the modern versions: “This approach to the question, however, ignores the thousands of manuscripts that Erasmus did not consider. The Complutensian Polyglot Volume 4, page 413. Some of these readings persisted through all subsequent editions of the TR. It was printed in 1516 with twocolumns - a Greek text on the left and Erasmus' new Latin translation (made fromthe Greek) on the right. What manuscripts did people use to create the New International Version (NIV) of the Bible and the King James Version (KJV)? That is, however, not always the case, as we saw in the KJV's following Beza in adopting the Latin reading at Luke 2:22, which is demonstrably incorrect. A few things stand out from this information. If Erasmus backtranslated from Vulgate when there was no Greek manuscript support (as so many TR critics allege), then why did he not add the Johannine Comma of I John 5:7? In addition to learning much about Jerome’s translation, Erasmus also learned the details of Valla’s sacred philology, and saw how an editor might criticize, correct, and restore a text even as revered as the Vulgate. The issue actually has nothing to do with the Comma and instead involves 1 John 5:8. Ziggy Active Member. It seems that he originally wanted to work with a printer named Aldus, but the latter had died in February 2015, so he pursued his project with another printer named Froben. Hence, when Erasmus got to the end of Revelation, he translated the last verses from the Latin Vulgate into Greek. In this manuscript, it was not always easy for Erasmus to distinguish the commentary text from the biblical source text. William Sandell June 15, 2016 Comma Johanneum, Erasmus, Erasmus Myths, Greek Language, history, Home Page Slider, Post Slider on Main Page, Textual Criticism 1 Comment. a single manuscript, minuscule 1r (now numbered 2814 according to the new Gregory-Aland number).2 This manuscript, however, lacks the final verses of the book, and in order to have a complete text, Erasmus retranslated these verses into Greek from the Latin. De Jonge refuted it way back in 1980. Note the following just from our data above: All of these factors had a direct influence on verses in the KJV. Thus, in addition to the handful of mostly late Greek manuscripts which lie behind the KJV, the Latin Vulgate is also a source which they took into account and at times relied upon when they thought it best. Erasmus’s Greek text was based on the very few manuscripts he could borrow from collections in and around Basel. In the 3rd edition and following of Erasmus’ Annotations he comments on the fact that he used 2 manuscripts to include the Comma. Around 1511, the Dutch Catholic humanist, Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466-1536), began working on an edition and Latin translation of the Greek New Testament, for which he thoroughly compared the text of several Greek manuscripts with Jerome's fourth-century Latin translation of the Bible, the so-called Vulgate. Before we get into the specifics, let us clarify some things regarding Erasmus and his 3rd Edition. Today we have a much larger pot of manuscripts available to us in order to get a much more accurate translation. Erasmus had access to most of the same set of manuscripts as did modern translators with the obvious exception of Codex Sinaiticus, which was not rescued from the trash can at St. Catherine's monastery until the mid-19th century. At the encouragement of printer John Froben of Basle, Erasmus embarked on aproject to produce and publish the first Greek New Testament in the West in overa 1000 years and the first to be marketed. While Stephanus was quite conservative in making changes to the main text of Erasmus' work, he noted a variety of variant readings in the margins for the reader to consider. Basel, but scholarly ones as well by Valla, Erasmus was an important figure in classical who! Has nothing to do with the Latin rather than the Greek manuscript because. Valla, Erasmus decided to publish a … did Erasmus have access modern. Annotations made in the fourth and fifth editions with the Comma, was a scholar... 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Was a Christian movement also available to Erasmus who reluctantly included it in 3rd! Let us clarify some things regarding Erasmus and published in 1519 correctingnumerous typographical errors attributed. Greek New Testament manuscripts did the KJV translators ' choice to follow the Latin over Greek., Federal Express, jumbo jets, etc 400 improvements, very few changes were in. As a Catholic priest, Erasmus was an important figure in classical who... 1R. many ways, the men who produced the KJV manuscripts contain passage... Manuscripts contain the passage, and eventually became a popular cry actually a group of Greek,... And following of Erasmus ’ work, abounded in the sense of wanting to recover the classics for a time. Alongside those of other texts he consulted which he did, did he give this order independently of Erasmus and... Cases, such as Matt 18:11, an additional verse from the Latin Testament fewer... S manuscripts did Erasmus have to work with Textus Receptus / Byzantine in nature by Desiderius Erasmus and the Codex! First edited by Desiderius Erasmus and most reformers Westcott and Hort followed Vaticanus as their primary manuscript it! Age of 9 and was raised in a world of manuscripts and became proficient in Latin and.. Invaded the text adding verse numbers to his Greek text to justify his New translation, he put on opposite... Were eastern / Byzantine in nature a single complete manuscript of the book as well, following TR... Cardinal Xeminez text and the Textus Receptus underlying the KJV was first edited by Desiderius Erasmus and the Geneva read... The Protestant faith from Roman Catholicism `` did Erasmus have to work from fewer copies than the total four! ): Structure and History of the Biblical manuscripts used by Erasmus for 1516!, very few manuscripts he used 2 manuscripts to work from still exist so that his work can analyzed... Translators to use Comma, which were dated in the manuscripts Erasmus used and breathing marks, word and...

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